A member of the lute family and one of the most important Persian musical instruments. The formation, compilation, edition, and inheritance of the most authentic and most comprehensive versions of radif are all worked on tar. The body is a double-bowl shape carved from mulberry wood, with a thin membrane of stretched lamb-skin covering the top. The fingerboard has 25 to 28 adjustable gut frets, and there are three double courses of strings. Its range is about two and one-half octaves, and it is played with a small brass plectrum.
Setar, (From seh, meaning “three” and tār, meaning “string”) is a member of the lute family with a small pear-shaped soundbox carved from mulberry wood. Two and a half centuries ago, a fourth string was added to it. Setar has 25 – 27 moveable frets and is played by nail. It has originated in Persia and is a direct descendant of the larger and louder tanbur.
A new instrument from the lute family designed and made by the Iranian musician and vocalist M.R. Shajarian in 2008. Saghar sound box is carved from mulberry wood and the top surface of it has partly covered by 3 pieces of thin membrane. The bridge is rested on one of them and the two others help the sound wave diffusion.similar to Tar, Saghar has 3 double courses of strings each pair tuned in octave and the pairs tuned in fourths, so it covers a sound range of about 2 and 1-half octaves.
A new instrument designed by the Iranian musician and vocalist M.R. Shajarian. Kereshmeh is a member of the lute family with 7 main strings and 10 sympathetic ones. The sound box consists of 2 parts one of which is covered by lambskin. As the bridge has rested on the skin, the sound timbre of the instrument is greatly influenced by its thickness and quality.
A new instrument developed by the Iranian musician and vocalist M.R. Shajarian.Tond ar can be considered as a member of zitter family of instrument specially imilar to santur in persian music.
It covers about 4.5 octaves which grants the player a choice of much lower frequencies than santur. such a wide range of frequency is unique among all of its Persian precursors.
The hammered dulcimer of Iran. It is a trapezoid-shaped box often made of walnut, with 72 strings. The special-shaped mallets (mezrab) are lightweight and are held between the index and middle fingers. A typical santur has two sets of bridges, providing a range of approximately three octaves. The right-hand strings are made of brass, while the left-hand strings are made of steel.Two rows of 9 articles called “Kharak” (Totally 18 kharaks) divide Santur into three positions and each lead four unitone strings to the right and left side of the instrument. Each note comes three times in three positions and doubles in frequency going to the left.
A new Iranian musical instrument, a member of the family of Bowing string instruments, developed by the Iranian musician M. R. Shajarian. This string instrument can cover the sound range produced by soprano, alto, bass and contra bass instruments.
A novel bowed string instrument developed by the Iranian musician and vocalist M.R. Shajarian.The soundboard of the instrument is covered by a skin against which rest the bridge. Having 4 strings,Sabu can cover a sound range near to Violin. The instrument can be played in 2 manners:holding under the chain -like a Violin-or resting between the knees while the player has seated in a chair.
A bowed string instrument. The strings are played with a variable-tension bow.It is widely used in the classical music of Iran. Traditionally kamanchehs had three silk strings, but modern ones have four metal ones. The body has a long upper neck and a lower bowl-shaped resonating chamber made from a gourd or wood, usually covered with a membrane, made from the skin of a lamb, goat or sometimes fish, on which the bridge is set.
It is similar to Sorahi but it’s got smaller sound box. The color of sound is very desirable and compatible with Persian orchestras. Currently four members (Soprano,Alto, Bass & Contrabass) of family so called ShahrAshub soprano”NO:10, “ShahrAshub Alto”NO:11,
“Shahnavaz”(ShahrAshub Cello)NO:12, and “Shahbang” (ShahrAshub Contrabass) NO:13, are played in concerts.
The Bridge is installed on skin.
The vibrating length,strings length and type of fiddlestick are exactly the same as violin family.
A large-sized frame drum used to accompany both popular and classical music in Iran, Iraq, Syria, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Kuhistoni Badakhshon of Tajikistan and other countries of the Middle East. Some dafs are equipped with rings or small cymbals, making them a form of tambourine. Many have no bangles.
It is an end-blown flute that figures prominently in Persian, Turkish and Arabic music. the ney is one of the oldest musical instruments still in use. It consists of a piece of hollow cane or reed with five or six finger holes and one thumb hole. The pitch produced varies depending on the length of the tube, blowing style and the finger arrangement. A highly skilled ney player can reach more than three octaves, though it is more common to have several “helper” neys to cover different pitch ranges or to facilitate playing technical passages in other maqamat.
A string instrument found in Near Eastern traditional music based on Maqamat. It is basically a zither with a narrow trapezoidal soundboard. Nylon or PVC strings are stretched over a single bridge poised on fish-skins on one end, attached to tuning pegs at the other end.It is played on the lap by plucking the strings with two tortoise-shell picks, one in each hand, or by the fingernails, and has a range of three and a half octaves.The instrument also has special latches for each course, called mandals. These small levers, which can be raised or lowered quickly by the performer while the instrument is being played, serve to change the pitch of a particular course slightly by altering the string lengths.
A single headed goblet drum with a skin stretched over its shell. Tonbak is considered as the principal percussion instrument of Persian music. The tonbak is normally positioned diagonally across the torso while the player uses one or more fingers and/or the palm(s) of the hand(s) on the drumhead.
A lute of ancient Persian origin.It is a pear-shaped, stringed instrument, which is often seen as the predecessor of the western lute, distinguished primarily by being without frets, commonly used in Middle Eastern music.